Globalisation and Human Rights Obligations: Interactions between the State, the Market and International Cooperation in an Integrated World
Keywords:Globalisation, Human rights Integration, International cooperation, ESC rights realisation
Globalisation driven by developments in technology, openness, and interdependence in economic and social transactions, has drastically changed the power dynamics of the bilateral and complex relationships among states, markets, and individuals. These transformations have understandably attracted mixed reactions from human rights scholars, with many envisaging a rather negative outlook on the effect of globalization on the realisation of fundamental human rights in many parts of the world. This article reviews the common notion of globalisation as a threat to human dignity and the promotion of human rights and using the World 3.0 scenario of globalisation expounded by Ghemawat (2011), defending the position that a more integrated and globalised world offers superior opportunities for the protection and promotion of human rights. The article then identifies some areas in which economic, social, and cultural rights policy and advocacy efforts should evolve in this eventuality. It is proposed that a new form of global integration, enhanced regulation and governmental role can create a more robust environment for the realisation of human rights.
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